“Putting the Soul back in the Body” – The Center for Victims of Torture
I’ll always remember one of my first clients who told me that I had a very hard job, because she saw it as my job “to put the soul back in the body.” This remains the best description I’ve heard of what it means to heal from being tortured by other human beings. It also reflects the spirit and dignity of our clients in its demonstration of empathy and respect. There is no question that the central reward in doing this work is the opportunity to partner with our clients, who are the most amazing people one could ever hope to meet.
Dr. Andrea Northwood, Director of Client Services
The Center for Victims of Torture
The wounds of torture deeply affect the mind, body and soul… Under no circumstance should it be a part of a civilized society…
We as humans, EACH ONE OF US is worthy of love, respect, dignity and most of all freedom. We are all important and unique in our own ways. Then why is it that a few of us find it more right/more correct to impose force on the other in the form of torture? Why do we not respect the basic rights of people ? Why do we not understand that torture destroys social equality? It takes away everything…And the effects are debilitating.
Torture is wrong; and it maims the nation where it is practiced. So what do we do? STOP TORTURE WORLDWIDE. HOW? – By striving in our own little ways. And one way to make significant difference is to join and support ‘The Center for Victims of Torture (CVT)’ which is making this possible through its incredible efforts of relentlessly working towards rehabilitating the distresses of innumerable torture victims worldwide.
YL volunteer Payal gets the specifics from Dr. Andrea Northwood, Mr. Brad Robideau and other members of staff on how “CVT rebuilds lives and restores hope.” At CVT, healing is possible. Before we delve into how CVT heals the torture victims, it’s important to understand torture and its impact.
We have often heard of stories revealing a terrifying glimpse into the world of those who speak of gruesome horrors that have been inflicted upon them by another human. A world where no one is allowed to think and act freely…
But what really happens to them?
Torture is usually a deliberate means of disfiguring ones’ body and soul, and creating an atmosphere of fear and disorientation physically (beating) or psychologically. Apart from the victims who can be children, men or women, the families and local societies suffer too. Usually the ones affected are politically, socially or religiously in opposition.
The devastating effects of torture can be extremely varied such as guilt and shame triggered by humiliation, post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD), flashbacks, depression, anxiety, insomnia, body pain, panic attacks, hearing or vision loss, respiratory problems, sexual difficulties, neurological damage and nausea. Additional damaging effects can be self-hatred, substance-abuse, suicidal thoughts, difficulty in concentration, nightmares, and memory lapses.
Many times these victims go untreated for years remaining in silence; either due to unawareness about help, being afraid of seeking help, language barriers, scared of being called spoiled or impure (in cases of rape), or simply due to the fear of being called ‘eccentric.’
Here is an account of some survivor stories: https://www.cvt.org/what-we-do/survivor-stories/roselines-story
Tugging at Threads to Unspool Stories of Torture @NY Times: www.nytimes.com/2011/05/03/health/03torture.html?_r=1&pagewanted=all
“What are you doing for human rights?”
– This unpretentious yet tough question was asked to the Governor of Minnesota by his son, Rudy Perpich, Jr. who was then working as a volunteer for Amnesty International. The governor directed a committee of human rights experts who suggested the idea of a rehabilitation center for torture survivors. The governor visited the first ever existing center in Copenhagen, Denmark and established a center on the same lines in Minnesota.
Apart from having its facilities in US, CVT also works in other countries such as Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Democratic Republic of Congo, Jordan (Iraqi torture survivors) and Kenya (Somali torture survivors).It has rehabilitated more than 20,000 torture survivors and directs ‘Healtorture.org’ and the ‘New Tactics in Human Rights Project.’
CVT works towards “Restoring the Dignity of the Human Spirit by healing…”
How do people and CVT meet?
When survivors hear about CVT through word of mouth, health care or other legal and community services, some of them turn to CVT for help. The healing center in US is located in St. Paul, Minnesota. This facility is located in a Victorian home which gives the victims a clean and free environment. CVT’s facility has rooms with rounded or angled corners, domestic furnishings, and large and brightly lit windows to create a much smoother and relaxing environment for the victims who have witnessed torture in small rooms with glaring lights. Each torture victim who comes at CVT is treated by a team of experts.
The first appointment is with members of staff who asks and understands some basic information. Next, a psychotherapist and a social worker explain the entire procedure at CVT and simultaneously the victim is registered for health insurance benefits. Next, a doctor conducts a general medical exam and hospitalization is provided if necessary. Following this, a psychiatrist prescribes medication in case of problems with sleeping, anxiety or nervousness; nurses are available to help with the medications. Social workers then guide and help through the process of immigration, US laws, society and culture, and re-uniting with family. A psychotherapist walks with the victim to help re-gain feelings of self-confidence, power, hope and trust in others. A physical therapist is referred to in case of the need of exercise, massage or relaxation to relive physical pain. An interpreter is also available in case of language difficulties.
CVT works towards ending torture worldwide in 4 ways:
Healing: There are 3 stages of healing in which individual as well as group counseling sessions are conducted. These sessions include:
a) Safety and stabilization: CVT ensures all survivors have food, clothing, medical and housing facilities. CVT’s counselors’ work towards re-building trust and health, with discussions on legal processes.
b) Grief and mourning: The specialists at CVT work through the entire incidence of what happened with the victim. For healing, it is important for the survivor to confront their experience.
c) Reconnection: CVT’s social workers aid in repairing relationships by helping the survivor to re-connect with family, community, and life.
Further support services are provided by volunteers when a survivor is ready to re-join the society. These include training survivors on the English language, helping them navigate transportation and accompanying survivors to museums, libraries, eating joints or stores.
International healing services: CVT directly works with the victims as well as with community workers in refugee camps and war affected areas. They impart individual and group counseling sessions, and the victims are constantly monitored to measure the impact of healing services (physical and psychological). CVT trains community workers, teachers, religious and local leaders to work towards a torture free nation. It also conducts activities such as sports, art and play therapy to engage all victims and community workers in the healing process. CVT psychotherapists and peer counselors adapt storytelling techniques and songs for including culture, thoughts and customs in their healing process.
Training: Imparts training to individuals and organizations who work with torture survivors. Training projects include building a network of all rehabilitation centers and sharing knowledge amongst them, teaching in schools and mentoring individual counselors. Through the ‘National Capacity Building Project’ CVT provides training to rehabilitation centers across the US. Help is given in the form of small sub-grants, technical assistance (sharing of clinical skills and best practices), and evaluation and data collection. Internationally, CVT wishes to build financially stable organizations and promote best practices in healing to other rehabilitation centers around the world to make available better and high quality mental health services for torture survivors. Apart from serving in other countries, one of CVT’s projects is the ‘New Tactics in Human Rights’ which promotes innovations in the international human rights community.
Research: CVT’s reserach includes continuous evaluation and monitoring of its healing processes including measuring the progress of survivors. Over the years, there has been a consistent decrease in physical and psychological symptoms of a torture affected individual and the will to associate with the society. Clinical assessment tools (ways of gathering information from a torture survivor) are developed by CVT which are modified as per the country’s language and culture. These tools are used by local community members and survivors to make way for transparency while understanding the impact of treatments. Over the next five years, ‘Partners in Trauma Healing (PATH)’ provide training on mental health and organizational stability for independent torture survivor rehabilitation centers in Middle East, Asian and Africa. PATH will train in 3 ways – mental health treatment and healing of survivors (will include hands-on training given by a psychologist), monitoring and evaluation (data collection strategies and expert consultations), and organizational development (build fundraising skills, improve management practices and strategies).
Advocacy: CVT works through its Washington D.C. office for advocating on ending torture worldwide. The Torture Victims Relief Act (TVRA) provides funds to rehabilitation centers worldwide to help survivors regain their life with dignity. Events are held each year on June 26th for honoring torture survivors worldwide. CVT has worked against counterterrorism approaches that inflict cruelty on prisoners. CVT also works with human rights organizations on anti-torture initiatives and for reform of immigrant laws to protect asylum seekers, refugees and other susceptible individuals who flee for a harassed free life.
Meeting the people behind the success model:
I had the opportunity to interview Dr. Andrea Northwood, Director of Client Services, on her experience with CVT and the challenges of healing children:
Payal: Dr. Northwood, you joined CVT in 1995… Please share your experience with us.
Dr. Northwood: As a graduate student at the University of Minnesota in the early ‘90s, I was looking for socially relevant research. My advisor at the time was working with local Cambodian survivors of the Pol Pot regime of 1975-79, in which 2 – 3 million Cambodians were killed and the entire population was subjected to horrible conditions in forced labor camps. I ended up doing my dissertation on the developmental impact of massive trauma on adolescents who were young children during the Pol Pot time. Learning from those who survived such atrocities was very compelling and meaningful, and through that work, I became interested in human rights work as a career path. The Center for Victims of Torture was right down the road from my graduate program, and it was a natural fit with my interests in cross-cultural work and helping survivors of severe trauma.
I received my PhD in clinical psychology and child development in 1996, a year after I started working at CVT. For the past 17 years, I have provided psychological evaluation and psychotherapy to survivors of politically motivated torture and their family members, including children and adolescents. Since 2006, I have also worked administratively as the Director of Client Services. In that role, I supervise our Minnesota clinical staff in program work; provide overall management of our Minnesota clinic; direct and implement the development, delivery, and evaluation of services to Minnesota clients; and oversee the performance and functioning of the Minnesota client services program.
Payal: How long does the entire process take for a torture survivor to re-connect with life again (from arriving at CVT to settling in their community)?
Dr. Northwood: There is wide variance in the amount of time it takes to heal and what this involves for each person. There are also cultural differences in what it means to re-connect with life. For these reasons, our outpatient multidisciplinary program is tailored to meet each torture survivor’s needs and does not involve the wholesale application of any particular treatment or service. Empowerment and the re-establishment of trust are two common goals of torture treatment, and sometimes these must be re-built one relationship at a time. The average length of treatment for survivors is 18 months, however the process can be affected by many factors outside the survivor’s control, such as how long it takes to obtain political asylum and family reunification, as well as on-going traumatic events and losses that continue to happen to family members overseas. Some survivors require years of treatment to stabilize their health and recover; others achieve this in a much shorter period.
Payal: Would you please share some experiences you have had with children who have been victims of torture? How different are the challenges with children vis-à-vis adults?
Dr. Northwood: While the majority of clients CVT sees are adults, children can also be survivors of horrific events. In the U.S. and in all of our international projects we serve child and youth survivors, adapting techniques to their developmental levels. Events that occur during a “sensitive period” in human development can have very significant long-term effects. During a sensitive period for a given developmental issue, such as emotional regulation in young children or identity in adolescence, the developing person is more affected by disruption in that domain than they would be at other ages.
Very young children don’t always experience posttraumatic stress disorder like adults, but they display nervous behaviors, repetitive and rigid play, difficulties with developmental milestones, anxiety, fears, anger and difficulty separating from caregivers. Young torture survivors can have a much harder time regulating their emotions, which can lead them to feel out of control and can escalate their distress and behavior problems.
Caring for children and youth requires special techniques. Counselors who work with young children typically use play therapy. As a child plays with blocks, dolls, or other toys, the counselor watches for themes such as separation and reunion, re-enactments of traumatic events, dangerous situations and rescue. These themes reveal how a child is coping and processing their experiences and allow the counselor to work with the child. With older children and teens, activities such as drawing and drama allow them to process their experience.
Young people represent both heightened vulnerability and potentiality in terms of recovering from trauma. They often have easier access to the world of the imagination, which can be either frightening or a creative healing resource depending on the type of support and nurturance they receive from the adults in their lives.
CVT has published a series of extraordinary resource books on their work. Reports by survivors, healing approaches and more… the scope and depth of information and impressions is impressive. They are outstanding media for use in EDUCATION, too. It’s an honour to us at Youth-LeadeR to promote these exceptional life stories and media to a global audience.
Healing the Hurt: A Guide for Developing Services for Torture Survivors, and
My Name is…Stories and Art by Young Refugees in Minnesota Schools, developed for teachers to increase their understanding of refugee student experiences or to be used with mainstream students to increase their awareness of their peers’ experiences. It can also be used by trained professionals in their work with refugee youth to help refugee students see that they are not alone in their experiences.
“Over a six-year periodthe Minnesota Schools Project of the Center for Victims of Torture provided training to more than 6,000 educators who work with refugee youth. The lives of many of these youth have been deeply affected by political violence and the trauma of war. Some students want to share their stories; others ﬁnd that they must keep their memories private. Only the work of those students comfortable in making their stories public is included here. In these stories and pictures you will learn of life before war and during it; of ﬂight and loss; of journeys to a new continent and a new way of life. These writers and artists are students in your classrooms. They are survivors, not just victims, and they have not only a past, but a future. Developing awareness and bridging understanding of one another will enhance your school and create greater capacities for all to learn and develop.”
There are more, on community healing, social work, war, sexual abuse…
Visit www.cvt.org/resources/publications to browse and download them..
Following is some significant information provided by Mr. Brad Robideau and other members of staff to YL volunteer Payal’s queries related to CVT and its projects – Healtorture.org and the ‘New Tactics in Human Rights Project.’
They also provide information on how schools and universities, organizations, and youth can associate with CVT.
CVT on Healtorture.org:
HealTorture.org provides key sources of information to help you better understand torture survivors and the problem of torture in our world today. Through webinars, videos, articles and online resources the site provides valuable information for health professionals, teachers, social workers, lawyers, students and community members about healing from torture. The Web site also serves as a portal to other organizations that support survivors of torture.
The project is funded by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Refugee Resettlement and administered by CVT.
CVT on New Tactics in Human Rights Project (Including trainings imparted to students in schools/universities):
The new tactics in Human Rights Project connects the broad human rights community around the world to share experiences, resources and tactical ideas to advance their own human rights advocacy efforts. While the project’s main focus is on human rights practitioners, we have had unique opportunities to engage educators and students in the New Tactics resources and methodology. New Tactics staff have given short presentations on a tool called “tactical mapping” that allows practitioners (and students) to find new ways of intervening to stop a human rights abuse. We have also hosted an online dialogue onHuman Rights in Higher Education: Incorporating practical experiencetobring together human rights educators from all over the world to share their experiences with each other.
CVT on the impact of this project worldwide:
Laws against discrimination are often enacted only after a long struggle, but in many ways, the new law is just the first step toward equality. Will the law be put to the test, and how? The New Tactics in Human Rights project has an answer at the ready with an excellent tactical notebook resource from Hungary, “Testing for Discrimination.”
In 2009, as Serbia was enacting an anti-discrimination law after eight years of public pressure, human rights advocates at the Regional Centre for Minorities (RCM) looked to New Tactics to prepare for their next move. The advocates turned to the tactical notebook describing how a rights group in Hungary sent out teams of “testers” to see whether employers and public accommodations were treating minorities and non-minorities the same way. In the Balkans, RCM translated the notebook into Serb-Croatian, Albanian, and Macedonian and distributed 500 copies in each language.
RCM also convened more than a dozen activists from around the region for a strategy session, at which participants got to meet the advocate who created the Hungarian notebook. They also agreed to focus their initial anti-discrimination efforts on access to public spaces, a severe problem in the region. As they work toward fairer and more just societies, the resources of New Tactics provided a key tool.
CVT welcomes schools and universities to be a part of this project! New Tactics has developed a collection of resources for educators interested in integrating New Tactics ideas and information into the classroom. These resources include: articles, guides, group activities, exercises, and classroom modules. These resources can be used in many academic disciplines to introduce practical human rights tactics and stories into the classroom. These resources aim to:
• Assist educators in introducing strategic thinking and tactical innovation to students of human rights, and other disciplines.
• Share and highlight real-world examples of tactics being used by practitioners around the world to advance human rights efforts.
• Encourage students to analyze, adapt and innovate new tactics and increase their own “tool box” for their future work.
For more information on these tools, visit www.newtactics.org
The CVT website is a rich resource pool. It is a learning environment by itself.
Are you a group or organization? This is how you can associate with CVT: CVT recently launched a new international initiative to support a developing network of torture rehabilitation centers. Partners in Trauma Healing (PATH) will offer professional, intellectual and emotional support for the difficult work of healing torture survivors.
PATH will work with ten independent foreign torture survivor rehabilitation centers over five years focusing on three areas: mental health treatment and healing, monitoring and evaluation, and organizational development.
Centers will apply to be a partner in this intensive hands-on mental health and organizational training project. CVT expects to focus on centers located in communities where torture survivors live in the Middle East, Africa and Asia.
PATH is made possible through the financial support of the United States Agency for International Development and the American peoples’ support.
CVT wishes each individual to be its part…
Many people help CVT advocate for the healing of torture survivors and an end to torture. For information and updates on how you can be involved with our work, please visit our Web site (www.cvt.org) and sign-up for email alerts; connect with us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.
Young people are the key, says CVT
Around the world youth play an important part in major social justice movements. The youth of Egypt ignited the most significant grassroots political upheaval in modern Arab memory. In Poland, youth joined Never Again to report and challenge tolerance of racist groups and ideas in their society. Youth use social media to share urgent actions and quickly respond to human rights violations.
We all have an interest in treating torture survivors. The people targeted for torture are often leaders promoting human rights and social justice. When we support healing, we bring those leaders back to work for their communities and the broader human rights movement.
You, too, can become a part of a healing community that gives hope to survivors purposefully silenced by torture. You can support the international torture treatment movement by participating in the UN International Day in Support of Victims of Torture every June 26 (www.un.org/en/events/torturevictimsday/index.shtml). On this day, join CVT, other torture treatment centers around the world and the human rights community to celebrate the incredible resilience of torture survivors.
Youcan also speak up against torture—wherever it happens. Torture’s purpose is to destroy leadership and control societies through fear. This is why we call torture the most effective weapon against democracy. Become involved in global efforts to stop the use of torture worldwide. Make your voice be heard. You can make a difference.
So are you geared up to make a small, nonetheless significant difference?.
This is what you can do:
Donate: You can make indovidual donations (yearly or monthly). You can make donations as a way of celebrating birthdays or anniversaries (a Gift of Hope card is sent to the survivor or his family). If you wish, you can include CVT in your estate or donate stocks to CVT. You can also renew your gifts early in the year to help better planning of CVT’s works.
Advocate: You can be an advocate for CVT by signing CVT’s petition supporting a commission to investigate US’s policies on prisoner treatment.You can cosponsor the Torture Victims Relief Act (TVRA) which funds the torture rehabilitation programs, learn and advocate CVT addressing the issues of interrogations of healthcare professionals and read and get to know CVT through its press releases, books and films.
Volunteer: You can host a ‘Get to know CVT’ event and learn about CVT through one of its representatives at your school/university, place of worship, community clubs etc. You can also organize collections (monetary donations or gift cards) for CVT at your place of worship or at a function. Organize a tour of CVT’s centers with friends or donate quilts, home items like laundry or food baskets and toiletries and cosmetics.
Jobs: Check the CVT website for jobs regularly and help in the noble cause of healing torture victims.
Connect with CVT and its projects:
View the Healing Center: www.youtube.com/watch?v=a9Zqk-Ab36Q&context=C4d31a0fADvjVQa1PpcFMQI-XB6QgDhMGvkps487ecAl2XcR70N3A=
Center for Victims of Torture: www.youtube.com/watch?v=yC12xvnmqnk
Center for Victims of Torture on Almanac: www.youtube.com/watch?v=lJKPR2jHi_k
Doug Johnson of CVT speaks about stopping torture: www.youtube.com/watch?v=nHG90ah7mDk
Center for Victims of Torture – Interview with ICC Chief Prosecutor: www.youtube.com/watch?v=gWwx2wd4quk
Freedom from torture blogs: https://www.freedomfromtorture.org/news-events/blogs/5799
How do we heal victims of torture: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Hz6bGQczVY
Read more about CVT:
Mental health symptoms count among the barriers that refugees must overcome by Dr. Andrea Northwood:
Helping victims of torture, from Minnesota to the world:
Center for victims of Torture — Working to End Torture and Heal Its Effects:
Wow. We can make a difference together!
At YL, we are thrilled about the rich resources, understanding, communications and cooperation opening through this article. We hope that it has broadened your horizons for hope and action, as well.
As a reader, you can take Instant Action by sharing this with your friends and by forwarding it to EDUCATORS and also to YOUTH passionate about human rights, such as Amnesty International supporters.
Are you treating the subject in school? We would love to hear about your experience and eventual actions.